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False Doctrine: Calvin's Doctrine of
Total Inability (i.e., Total Hereditary Depravity, Original Sin)
Bible study on Calvinism: total inability, total hereditary depravity, original sin.


Calvin is known as the founder of the Reformed Churches (Presbyterian Church). He taught that each person's life perished, "having been extinguished by the sin of Adam" (Calvin's Commentary on 1 John 1:1), and that each person has a depraved nature (rf. Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin). Therefore, Presbyterians believe that each person inherits original sin from Adam and is born lost in sin being hostile to God, slaves to Satan, and servants to sin (rf. Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), The Book of Confessions).


Ezek. 18:4, 20;
cf. 2 Ki. 14:6

God tells us that we do not inherit anyone's sin (i.e., sin is not imputed upon us because of Adam's sin or our father's sin).

We sin after being tempted when we are carried away and enticed by our own lusts (Jas. 1:13-15). We are neither born sinners nor born eternally lost in sin.


Ec. 7:29


God makes us upright, not sinners.

We are born sinless, though our parents had sinned prior to our birth (Ps. 51:5; cf. Rom. 3:23).

A person sins by committing lawlessness, not by being born (1 Jn. 3:4; cf. Ezek. 18:4, 20).


Matt. 18:3-4;
Lk. 18:16-17;
1 Cor. 14:20

Christians are those who have become as little children. Therefore, little children are saved, not lost in sin.

Children are not born in sin (i.e., sinners). Children are not born hostile to God, slaves to sin, and servants to sin.